This page is a reference documentation. It only explains the function signature, and not how to use it. Please refer to the user guide for the big picture.
- nilearn.image.high_variance_confounds(imgs, n_confounds=5, percentile=2.0, detrend=True, mask_img=None)#
Return confounds signals extracted from input signals with highest variance.
- imgsNiimg-like object
4D image. See Input and output: neuroimaging data representation.
- mask_imgNiimg-like object
If not provided, all voxels are used. If provided, confounds are extracted from voxels inside the mask. See Input and output: neuroimaging data representation.
Number of confounds to return. Default=5.
Highest-variance signals percentile to keep before computing the singular value decomposition, 0. <= percentile <= 100. mask_img.sum() * percentile / 100 must be greater than n_confounds. Default=2.
If True, detrend signals before processing. Default=True.
Highest variance confounds. Shape: (number_of_scans, n_confounds).
This method is related to what has been published in the literature as ‘CompCor’ (Behzadi NeuroImage 2007).
The implemented algorithm does the following:
Computes the sum of squares for each signal (no mean removal).
Keeps a given percentile of signals with highest variance (percentile).
Computes an SVD of the extracted signals.
Returns a given number (n_confounds) of signals from the SVD with highest singular values.