Decoding with FREM: face vs house object recognition#

This example uses fast ensembling of regularized models (FREM) to decode a face vs house discrimination task from Haxby 2001 study. FREM uses an implicit spatial regularization through fast clustering and aggregates a high number of estimators trained on various splits of the training set, thus returning a very robust decoder at a lower computational cost than other spatially regularized methods.

To have more details, see: FREM: fast ensembling of regularized models for robust decoding.

Load the Haxby dataset#

from nilearn.datasets import fetch_haxby
data_files = fetch_haxby()

# Load behavioral data
import pandas as pd
behavioral = pd.read_csv(data_files.session_target[0], sep=" ")

# Restrict to face and house conditions
conditions = behavioral['labels']
condition_mask = conditions.isin(['face', 'house'])

# Split data into train and test samples, using the chunks
condition_mask_train = (condition_mask) & (behavioral['chunks'] <= 6)
condition_mask_test = (condition_mask) & (behavioral['chunks'] > 6)

# Apply this sample mask to X (fMRI data) and y (behavioral labels)
# Because the data is in one single large 4D image, we need to use
# index_img to do the split easily
from nilearn.image import index_img
func_filenames = data_files.func[0]
X_train = index_img(func_filenames, condition_mask_train)
X_test = index_img(func_filenames, condition_mask_test)
y_train = conditions[condition_mask_train].values
y_test = conditions[condition_mask_test].values

# Compute the mean epi to be used for the background of the plotting
from nilearn.image import mean_img
background_img = mean_img(func_filenames)


from nilearn.decoding import FREMClassifier
decoder = FREMClassifier(cv=10)
# Fit model on train data and predict on test data, y_train)
y_pred = decoder.predict(X_test)
accuracy = (y_pred == y_test).mean() * 100.
print("FREM classification accuracy : %g%%" % accuracy)
/home/yasmin/nilearn/nilearn/nilearn/_utils/ UserWarning:

Brain mask is bigger than the volume of a standard human brain. This object is probably not tuned to be used on such data.

/home/yasmin/miniconda3/envs/nilearn-dev/lib/python3.10/site-packages/sklearn/feature_selection/ UserWarning:

Features [10420] are constant.

/home/yasmin/miniconda3/envs/nilearn-dev/lib/python3.10/site-packages/sklearn/feature_selection/ RuntimeWarning:

invalid value encountered in true_divide

FREM classification accuracy : 64.4444%

Visualization of FREM weights#

from nilearn import plotting
plotting.plot_stat_map(decoder.coef_img_["face"], background_img,
                       title="FREM: accuracy %g%%, 'face coefs'" % accuracy,
                       cut_coords=(-52, -5), display_mode="yz")
plot haxby frem

FREM ensembling procedure yields an important improvement of decoding accuracy on this simple example compared to fitting only one model per fold and the clustering mechanism keeps its computational cost reasonable even on heavier examples. Here we ensembled several instances of l2-SVC, but FREMClassifier also works with ridge or logistic. FREMRegressor object is also available to solve regression problems.

Total running time of the script: ( 2 minutes 41.096 seconds)

Estimated memory usage: 1421 MB

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