8.5.5. Breaking an atlas of labels in separated regions

This example shows how to use nilearn.regions.connected_label_regions to assign each spatially-separated region of the atlas a unique label.

Indeed, often in a given atlas of labels, the same label (number) may be used in different connected regions, for instance a region in each hemisphere. If we want to operate on regions and not networks (for instance in signal extration), it is useful to assign a different label to each region. We end up with a new atlas that has more labels, but each one points to a single region.

We use the Yeo atlas as an example for labeling regions, nilearn.datasets.fetch_atlas_yeo_2011

8.5.5.1. The original Yeo atlas

# First we fetch the Yeo atlas
from nilearn import datasets

atlas_yeo_2011 = datasets.fetch_atlas_yeo_2011()
atlas_yeo = atlas_yeo_2011.thick_7

# Let's now plot it
from nilearn import plotting

plotting.plot_roi(atlas_yeo, title='Original Yeo atlas',
                  cut_coords=(8, -4, 9), colorbar=True, cmap='Paired')
../../_images/sphx_glr_plot_extract_regions_labels_image_001.png

Out:

Downloading data from ftp://surfer.nmr.mgh.harvard.edu/pub/data/Yeo_JNeurophysiol11_MNI152.zip ...

The original Yeo atlas has 7 labels, that is indicated in the colorbar. The colorbar also shows the correspondence between the color and the label

Note that these 7 labels correspond actually to networks that comprise several regions. We are going to split them up.

8.5.5.2. Relabeling the atlas into separated regions

Now we use the connected_label_regions to break appart the networks of the Yeo atlas into separated regions

from nilearn.regions import connected_label_regions
region_labels = connected_label_regions(atlas_yeo)

Plotting the new regions

plotting.plot_roi(region_labels, title='Relabeled Yeo atlas',
                  cut_coords=(8, -4, 9), colorbar=True, cmap='Paired')
../../_images/sphx_glr_plot_extract_regions_labels_image_002.png

Note that the same cluster in original and labeled atlas could have different color, so, you cannot directly compare colors.

However, you can see that the regions in the left and right hemispheres now have different colors. For some regions it is difficult to tell appart visually, as the colors are too close on the colormap (eg in the blue: regions labeled around 3).

Also, we can see that there are many more labels: the colorbar goes up to 49. The 7 networks of the Yeo atlas are now broken up into 49 ROIs.

You can save the new atlas to a nifti file using to_filename method.

region_labels.to_filename('relabeled_yeo_atlas.nii.gz')

# The images are saved to the current folder. It is possible to specify the
# folder for saving the results, i.e.
# import os
# region_labels.to_filename(os.path.join(folder_path,
#                                        'relabeled_yeo_atlas.nii.gz'))

8.5.5.3. Different connectivity modes

Using the parameter connect_diag=False we separate in addition two regions that are connected only along the diagonal.

region_labels_not_diag = connected_label_regions(atlas_yeo,
                                                 connect_diag=False)

plotting.plot_roi(region_labels_not_diag,
                  title='Relabeling and connect_diag=False',
                  cut_coords=(8, -4, 9), colorbar=True, cmap='Paired')
../../_images/sphx_glr_plot_extract_regions_labels_image_003.png

A consequence of using connect_diag=False is that we can get a lot of small regions, around 110 judging from the colorbar.

Hence we suggest use connect_diag=True

8.5.5.4. Parameter min_size

In the above, we get around 110 regions, but many of these are very small. We can remove them with the min_size parameter, keeping only the regions larger than 100mm^3.

region_labels_min_size = connected_label_regions(atlas_yeo, min_size=100,
                                                 connect_diag=False)

plotting.plot_roi(region_labels_min_size, title='Relabeling and min_size',
                  cut_coords=(8, -4, 9), colorbar=True, cmap='Paired')

plotting.show()
../../_images/sphx_glr_plot_extract_regions_labels_image_004.png

Total running time of the script: ( 0 minutes 35.887 seconds)

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