9.2.15. Making a surface plot of a 3D statistical map

project a 3D statistical map onto a cortical mesh using nilearn.surface.vol_to_surf. Display a surface plot of the projected map using nilearn.plotting.plot_surf_stat_map and adding contours of regions of interest using nilearn.plotting.plot_surf_contours.

9.2.15.1. Get a statistical map

9.2.15.2. Get a cortical mesh

9.2.15.3. Sample the 3D data around each node of the mesh

from nilearn import surface

texture = surface.vol_to_surf(stat_img, fsaverage.pial_right)

9.2.15.4. Plot the result

from nilearn import plotting

plotting.plot_surf_stat_map(fsaverage.infl_right, texture, hemi='right',
                            title='Surface right hemisphere', colorbar=True,
                            threshold=1., bg_map=fsaverage.sulc_right)
Surface right hemisphere

Out:

<Figure size 470x400 with 2 Axes>

9.2.15.5. Plot 3D image for comparison

plotting.plot_glass_brain(stat_img, display_mode='r', plot_abs=False,
                          title='Glass brain', threshold=2.)

plotting.plot_stat_map(stat_img, display_mode='x', threshold=1.,
                       cut_coords=range(0, 51, 10), title='Slices')
  • plot 3d map to surface projection
  • plot 3d map to surface projection

Out:

<nilearn.plotting.displays.XSlicer object at 0x7ff045116220>

9.2.15.6. Use an atlas and choose regions to outline

import numpy as np

destrieux_atlas = datasets.fetch_atlas_surf_destrieux()
parcellation = destrieux_atlas['map_right']

# these are the regions we want to outline
regions_dict = {b'G_postcentral': 'Postcentral gyrus',
                b'G_precentral': 'Precentral gyrus'}

# get indices in atlas for these labels
regions_indices = [np.where(np.array(destrieux_atlas['labels']) == region)[0][0]
                   for region in regions_dict]

labels = list(regions_dict.values())

9.2.15.7. Display outlines of the regions of interest on top of a statistical map

figure = plotting.plot_surf_stat_map(fsaverage.infl_right, texture, hemi='right',
                                     title='Surface right hemisphere',
                                     colorbar=True, threshold=1.,
                                     bg_map=fsaverage.sulc_right)

plotting.plot_surf_contours(fsaverage.infl_right, parcellation, labels=labels,
                            levels=regions_indices, figure=figure, legend=True,
                            colors=['g', 'k'])
plotting.show()
Surface right hemisphere

9.2.15.8. Plot with higher-resolution mesh

fetch_surf_fsaverage takes a “mesh” argument which specifies whether to fetch the low-resolution fsaverage5 mesh, or the high-resolution fsaverage mesh. using mesh=”fsaverage” will result in more memory usage and computation time, but finer visualizations.

big_fsaverage = datasets.fetch_surf_fsaverage('fsaverage')
big_texture = surface.vol_to_surf(stat_img, big_fsaverage.pial_right)

plotting.plot_surf_stat_map(big_fsaverage.infl_right,
                            big_texture, hemi='right', colorbar=True,
                            title='Surface right hemisphere: fine mesh',
                            threshold=1., bg_map=big_fsaverage.sulc_right)
Surface right hemisphere: fine mesh

Out:

<Figure size 470x400 with 2 Axes>

9.2.15.9. Plot multiple views of the 3D volume on a surface

plot_img_on_surf takes a statistical map and projects it onto a surface. It supports multiple choices of orientations, and can plot either one or both hemispheres. If no surf_mesh is given, plot_img_on_surf projects the images onto FreeSurfer's fsaverage5.

plotting.plot_img_on_surf(stat_img,
                          views=['lateral', 'medial'],
                          hemispheres=['left', 'right'],
                          colorbar=True)
plotting.show()
plot 3d map to surface projection

9.2.15.10. 3D visualization in a web browser

An alternative to nilearn.plotting.plot_surf_stat_map is to use nilearn.plotting.view_surf or nilearn.plotting.view_img_on_surf that give more interactive visualizations in a web browser. See 3D Plots of statistical maps or atlases on the cortical surface for more details.

view = plotting.view_surf(fsaverage.infl_right, texture, threshold='90%',
                          bg_map=fsaverage.sulc_right)

# In a Jupyter notebook, if ``view`` is the output of a cell, it will
# be displayed below the cell
view