8.6.1. Massively univariate analysis of a calculation task from the Localizer datasetΒΆ

This example shows how to use the Localizer dataset in a basic analysis. A standard Anova is performed (massively univariate F-test) and the resulting Bonferroni-corrected p-values are plotted. We use a calculation task and 20 subjects out of the 94 available.

The Localizer dataset contains many contrasts and subject-related variates. The user can refer to the plot_localizer_mass_univariate_methods.py example to see how to use these.

# Author: Virgile Fritsch, <virgile.fritsch@inria.fr>, May. 2014
import numpy as np
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
from nilearn import datasets
from nilearn.input_data import NiftiMasker

Load Localizer contrast

n_samples = 20
localizer_dataset = datasets.fetch_localizer_calculation_task(
tested_var = np.ones((n_samples, 1))

Mask data

nifti_masker = NiftiMasker(
    memory='nilearn_cache', memory_level=1)  # cache options
cmap_filenames = localizer_dataset.cmaps
fmri_masked = nifti_masker.fit_transform(cmap_filenames)

Anova (parametric F-scores)

from sklearn.feature_selection import f_regression
_, pvals_anova = f_regression(fmri_masked, tested_var,
                              center=False)  # do not remove intercept
pvals_anova *= fmri_masked.shape[1]
pvals_anova[np.isnan(pvals_anova)] = 1
pvals_anova[pvals_anova > 1] = 1
neg_log_pvals_anova = - np.log10(pvals_anova)
neg_log_pvals_anova_unmasked = nifti_masker.inverse_transform(


from nilearn.plotting import plot_stat_map, show

# Various plotting parameters
z_slice = 45  # plotted slice

threshold = - np.log10(0.1)  # 10% corrected

# Plot Anova p-values
fig = plt.figure(figsize=(5, 6), facecolor='w')
display = plot_stat_map(neg_log_pvals_anova_unmasked,
                        display_mode='z', cut_coords=[z_slice],

masked_pvals = np.ma.masked_less(neg_log_pvals_anova_unmasked.get_data(),

title = ('Negative $\log_{10}$ p-values'
         '\n(Parametric + Bonferroni correction)'
         '\n%d detections' % (~masked_pvals.mask).sum())

display.title(title, y=1.1, alpha=0.8)


Total running time of the script: ( 0 minutes 0.785 seconds)

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