8.2.8. NeuroImaging volumes visualization

Simple example to show Nifti data visualization. Fetch data

from nilearn import datasets

# By default 2nd subject will be fetched
haxby_dataset = datasets.fetch_haxby()

# print basic information on the dataset
print('First anatomical nifti image (3D) located is at: %s' %
print('First functional nifti image (4D) is located at: %s' %


First anatomical nifti image (3D) located is at: /home/kamalakar/nilearn_data/haxby2001/subj2/anat.nii.gz
First functional nifti image (4D) is located at: /home/kamalakar/nilearn_data/haxby2001/subj2/bold.nii.gz Visualization

from nilearn.image.image import mean_img

# Compute the mean EPI: we do the mean along the axis 3, which is time
func_filename = haxby_dataset.func[0]
mean_haxby = mean_img(func_filename)

from nilearn.plotting import plot_epi, show
../../_images/sphx_glr_plot_visualization_001.png Extracting a brain mask

Simple computation of a mask from the fMRI data

from nilearn.masking import compute_epi_mask
mask_img = compute_epi_mask(func_filename)

# Visualize it as an ROI
from nilearn.plotting import plot_roi
plot_roi(mask_img, mean_haxby)
../../_images/sphx_glr_plot_visualization_002.png Applying the mask to extract the corresponding time series

from nilearn.masking import apply_mask
masked_data = apply_mask(func_filename, mask_img)

# masked_data shape is (timepoints, voxels). We can plot the first 150
# timepoints from two voxels

# And now plot a few of these
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
plt.figure(figsize=(7, 5))
plt.plot(masked_data[:150, :2])
plt.xlabel('Time [TRs]', fontsize=16)
plt.ylabel('Intensity', fontsize=16)
plt.xlim(0, 150)
plt.subplots_adjust(bottom=.12, top=.95, right=.95, left=.12)


Total running time of the script: ( 0 minutes 13.615 seconds)

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